Periodontal Disease, also known as gum disease, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal or gum disease is an inflammation of the gums, that, if severe, can lead to loss of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed, it may eventually harden into tartar, a hard mineral shell that irritates and erodes healthy gum tissue. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If left untreated, pockets begin to form between the teeth and gum tissue and may erode the tissue which attaches the tooth to the jaw. This stage is called periodontitis. Gum disease can be treated at all stages, but most importantly, it can be prevented.
Here is what to watch for:
- Gums that bleed when brushing
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath.
- Gums that seem to have pulled away from the teeth
- Teeth that seem to be loose or moving away from one another
Here’s how to prevent gum disease:
- Brush twice daily
- Clean between your teeth with floss
- Eat a balanced diet
- Visit our office regularly for a preventive checkup and professional
- cleaning which is essential in the prevention of gum disease.
- Tobacco use will increase the risk of developing periodontal disease.